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Serious entrepreneurs don’t build a company with an aim to sell it. They build it to solve a problem. But a startup may struggle or run out of cash. Or maybe the founders will get tired, have a fallout, or get an extremely attractive buyout offer on the table. This exit offer can come from a customer, partner, rival, vendor, or even another big company.
In those scenarios, exiting becomes the end goal for several entrepreneurs. But how does one navigate that curvy road? The panel on “Exits and M&As” at the Tech in Asia Bangalore 2016 conference saw Miten Sampat, head of corporate development at Times Internet, Sanat Rao, venture partner at IDG Ventures, and Alok Goel, managing director at SAIF Partners, debate on the right approach to exiting. The panel was moderated by Abhishek Gupta, head of TLabs.
Sanat and Alok agreed that you should never come across as too desperate.
“Say we’re not available for sale whenever you are approached with that topic from the other party,” says Alok.
“Then let the other party take the next step to bring up the topic.”
It often becomes a game of pursuit. And the more desperate the suitor, the bigger the price you may fetch.
The three pillars of an acquisition
There are three basic reasons why any acquisition takes place.
Sanat said that a big company such as a Google, Facebook, or Yahoo will never acquire a smaller firm for “market access.”
“Thus, technology or the team will be the things that the big company will be looking to acquire,” says Sanat, who is also a part of iSpirt, that helped in the buyout of Little Eye Labs by Facebook and Bookpad by Yahoo.
One has to really make the effort to find out what a customer or partner needs, and then start from there.
“In Little Eye Lab’s case, the founders spent their own money travelling to Silicon Valley and setting up a booth at the Google I/O event. They met the Facebook’s head of engineering there,” says Sanat.
If you’re building something which a big company lacks right now, taking too much time building it may never lead you to an exit, the panellists said. “If you take three years to build a product to fulfil that need, the whole technology stack or gap might have changed by then,” Alok said.
Acqui-hiring gains traction
There were just about 50 M&A deals for startups in India in 2014. And the number tripled to about 150 M&A deals in 2015, says Sanat. Many of the deals were acqui-hires.
How to approach such a deal? This was another topic that the panel dealt with.
“In aqui-hiring, the team which is getting acquired could be paid about one to two years of salary [upfront] plus a stay or joining bonus,” says Miten.
“Acquihires happen in cases when a founder wants to shut down the company, and wants to show a clean exit on his resume. This way he can easily raise the next round,” says Alok.
In other cases, the startup founder loses interest in running a business, and proactively approaches a target company. The target company acquires the team but the founder calls it an exit. The founder may or may not get ESOP in this case.
Sell or not?
If a company is successful and gets a buyout offer, founders will face a tough decision. When a big fundraiser is coming up, the dilemma becomes even stronger.
“Then it becomes a very individual decision based upon founders and their goals in life. It will be a question of acquisition versus building something big,” says Alok.
He has been part of two exits, namely Freecharge, which was sold to Snapdeal for US$400 million last year, and RedBus, which got acquired by Ibibo Group for US$100 million in 2013.
Marc Andreessen, co-founder of venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz, once said: “the default state of any startup is dying in obscurity.”
So before it’s too late, it may be better to sing your exit song to your customers, partners, VC, and even rivals.
Feature image via Tech in Asia.